Tuesday, May 29, 2012

Queensland First Sideface types – a summary

This post summarises how the different issue types can be distinguished.

1 d. - Die 1
Type 1: White indentation above “L” of Queensland
Type 2: Second “E” of Queensland has a long horizontal bottom stroke. Types 1 and 3 also have a long horizontal bottom stroke of the Second “E” so it is only type 2 if there are no indentions above “L” or between the “S” and the “L”.
Type 3: The tail of “Q” is short and stumpy
Type 4: White indentation between “S” and “L” of Queensland
For visual examples see here.

1 d. - Die 2
Type 1: In the lower left spandrel the outer vertical white line merges with the white line outlining the oval
Type 2: The top of the right reversed S-shaped ornament is damaged
Type 3: At the left bottom corner the junction of the lines of colour is missing
Type 4: Absence of the above indications and malformation of the spandrel point below “E” of penny
For visual examples see here.

2 d. – Die 1
Type 1: A white indentation above "L" of Queensland
Type 2: The second "E" in Queensland has a long horizontal stroke. There is an excrescence on the left side of the "A" of Queensland.
Type 3: The tail of "Q" is short and stumpy
Type 4: There is a white indentation above "S L"
For visual examples see here.

2 d.  – Die 2
Type 1: The foot of the right limb of 'N' of Pence touches the oval below
Type 2: The top bar of the first 'E' of Queensland is pointed and upturned at the end. The damaged scroll of die 1 has been repaired.
Type 3: 'C' of Pence is thinly drawn and larger than any other type
Type 4: There is a thin white line to the right of the upper curve of 'D'
For visual examples see here.

4 d.
Type 1: Letters 'NC' of Pence are close. 'F" of Four is close to the left bottom scroll
Type 2: Letters 'NC' of Pence are close
Type 3: Letters 'NC' of Pence are wider apart
Type 4: Letters 'NC' of Pence are wider apart. 'F" of four is close to the left bottom scroll and the vertical stroke is concave (curving in).
For visual examples see here.

6 d.
Type 1. The upright of ‘P’ is straight at the foot and the first ‘E’ of Pence has longer bars
Type 2. Type 2 ‘NC’ is wider spaced
Type 3. The middle bar of ‘E’ (first E of pence) is shorter than any other type
Type 4. The upright of ‘P’ is rounded at foot, and the first ‘E’ of Pence has longer bars
For visual examples see here.

1 shilling
Type 1. The bottom of the O touches the white line outside the oval
Type 2. The top of the right limb of the H touches the right line around the oval. I of Shilling also touches the right line of the oval
Type 3. The horizontal stroke on the first L of shilling is cut short and there is a second bud on the lowest right-hand scroll. Under the first L there is usually a white bump
Type 4. The top of the O cuts the white line around the oval and the letters NG are close together
For visual examples see here.

Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Queensland 1st Sideface imperforate issues

These stamps are known imperforate but in order to be able to prove any imperforate copies are not fakes they would need to be on cover (best of luck) or a multiple. Stanley Gibbons 2012 catalog lists the imperforate issues as follows:

SG 128 ab 1d. reddish-brown die 2 wmk QW5 – a horizontal pair, no price given
SG 134 a 1d. reddish-brown die 1 wmk QW6 – imperforate between pair £1,100 used
SG 134 bb 1d. reddish-brown die 1 wmk QW6 – QOEENSLAND imperforate between pair £1,200 used
SG 135 ac 1d. dull orange die 1 wmk QW6 – QOEENSLAND imperforate between horizontal pair  used, no price given
SG 139 c 2d. bright blue die 1 wmk QW6 - imperforate between pair  mint £1,500
SG 141 a 4d. orange-yellow wmk QW6 - imperforate between horizontal pair  mint £6,500
SG 143 a 6d. yellow-green wmk QW6 - imperforate between pair no price given.

The 2006 Scott’s Specialized Catalogue lists the following, with some prices being given:
57 d 1d. rose redwmk and Q (68) imperforate
57 e 1d. rose redwmk and Q (68) vertical pair, imperforate horizontally $725 used
58 e 2d. gray blue wmk and Q (68) imperforate horizontally $1,100 mint
59 a 4d orange yellow wmk and Q (68) imperforate
60 a 6d yellow green wmk and Q (68) imperforate
Also a note that says"Nos. 59-60 exist imperf. vertically"

Robson Lowe (1962) notes the following all known imperforate vertically between pairs
62 1d reddish-brown Die 1 £6 used
63 1d reddish-brown Die 1 £7 used
67, 70, 71 listed but no price as "unknown to us." I assume that means they are aware of these stamps existing but have not seen them.

Going back through the historical record I find the following:

The Philatelic Record, January 1890, p. 8 notes that it has seen a horizontal pair of the 1d. deep vermillion (scarlet) hue without perforation between the two stamps (i.e., perf 12 but imperf at one side).

Charles Phillips writing in the Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal 29 November 1902 p. 100 -101 noted that he had recently seen several superb specialised collections including some Queensland 1st Sideface imperforate issues, listed as follows:

The 1912 Stanley Gibbons lists no imperforate copies.

In the Australian Philatelist 7 June 1919, p. 167, it notes that: "Mr L. H. White has shown us a pair of the 2d. of 1879-80 Die 1., wmk 1st type Crown and Q, imperf. vertically but only between the two stamps. This is an interesting variety not before recorded. The pair is from an early printing." Presumably this example, SG 130, is now part of the L. H. White Collection in the State Library of New South Wales.

The 1940 Scott’s Standard Postage Catalogue lists the following, without any prices being given:
57 e 1d. rose redwmk and Q (68) imperforate horizontally
58 e 2d. gray blue wmk and Q (68) imperforate horizontally
59 b 4d orange yellow wmk and Q (68) imperforate vertically
60 b 6d yellow green wmk and Q (68) imperforate vertically

In 1893 A. F. Basset Hull wrote in his article The Stamps of Queensland that “I have seen imperforate copies of the One penny (both shades)[ brownish-red, scarlet], Twopence, light blue, four pence, orange yellow, and Sixpence (both shades), all on the Crown Q, paper, but unused and without gum.” Unused and without gum suggests that some of these may in fact have been proofs.

Prestige Philately sold this item for $2,400 in December 2009
WATERMARK CROWN/Q TYPE '5': 1d dull orange horizontal pair Imperforate Vertically SG 136varminor separation faults at left & right, indistinct Rays cancel. A great rarity. Unlisted by Robson Lowe Gibbons, neither of whom lists any Imperf Vertically errorsStated to be Ex Stevenson (presumably from Lot 53172) & Manning.

S.G. 128ab. Watermark Crown over Q Type I, 1d. reddish brown Die II horizontal pair, variety imperforate between, indistinct sunburst cancellations. Sold by Spink in October 2012 for £420

S.G. 136a. Watermark Crown over Q Type 2, 1d. scarlet Die II horizontal pair, variety imperforate vertically between, at top, and at right. Probably imperforate at left and bottom as well. Barred numeral cancellation 260, Warra

S.G. 139c. Watermark Crown over Q Type II, 2d. bright blue Die I horizontal pair, variety imperforate between and imperforate at left, indistinct cancellations. Sold by Spink in October 2012 for £750

4d yellow-orange horizontal pair Imperforate Vertically, large-part o.g. Stated to be unique. Unlisted by Robson Lowe & Gibbons, neither of whom lists any Imperf Vertically errors. Unlisted by Robson Lowe & Gibbons. [Gibbons do list - but don't price - the 4d "Imperf between", but that may be an error for this item. Robson Lowe also lists the 4d Imperf Between but states "Unknown to us"]. Ex Manning

1878-79 Wmk Crown over Q, 1d Violet pair,Imperforate (vertically) between, original browned gum. Unlisted. Millennium stamp auction no 46 lot no 283. Ex Kiddle

1d Violet block of 4, Imperforate (vertically) between. From the L'Estrange Collection at the Queensland Museum

Monday, May 21, 2012

An exhibit of Queensland 1st Sidefaces in 1906

Article on a Queensland exhibit at the London International Philatelic Exhibition of 1906 in the "Philatelic Record", May 1906, p. 109

“Mr. Hausburg's Queensland, framed upon similar lines to the other exhibits of this all-powerful collector of Australians. All the well-known rarities of the earlier issues were practically complete in mint state, and it is rather to his discoveries in the later issues that we would direct our readers' attention.

Of the 1879 issue two dies were described, differing in the manner in which the line following the oval in the top right corner either stops short of or joins the upper line of the stamp. The plates were constructed of blocks of four all of one die, and in the 1d. value there are 88 such blocks of Die I and 32 of Die II. The qo error exists only in Die II, and on Plate I it is No. 48 on the sheet, whereas in Plate II it is No. 44 on the sheet, and it does not exist at all on Plate III. Of the twopenny value, Plate I is all Die I, and contains the error Penge. Plate II comprises both dies as well as Penge in a different position, and Plate III. also is composed of both dies, but the error has disappeared.

Another most interesting subject of study is the variation in the watermark Q and Crown, the one appearing on the early issues of the type of 1879 is the same as that of the earlier stamps, but it was changed late in that year, the difference consisting in the long tail to the Q, and the central portion of the Crown is wedge-shaped. Of the 1879 issue only the 1d., 2d. and 4d. exist on the old paper. This discovery is the more important in that it affords an easy method of distinguishing the reprints of the older issues, which are always upon the new paper, which did not come into use until after they had ceased to be issued.”

In Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, 31 May 1906, p. 238, Mr Hausburg's collection was also described as follows:

"L. L. R. Hausburg.—QUEENSLAND.
A wonderful collection, that would undoubtedly have taken a high award except for the fact that Mr. Hausburg had already taken a gold medal in this class for his India, and was not eligible for another. The collection shown is practically all unused, almost every known stamp is included, and a number of very interesting blocks are shown. The no watermark stamps are for the first time shown with the different perforations separated, the chief feature being that the square clean-cut holes gauging 12.5 are made by different machines from the roughly punctured 13, while the round-hole perforation 13 is by the same machine as the former 13, but with new pins. Of the 1877 [sic, should be 1879] issue Mr. Hausburg shows proof sheets of the 1d. and 2d. with various errors. The two dies are described, and a chart is made of the first two plates of the 1d., showing how the groups of four impressions, which were the same in both plates, are mixed up. The differences in the three plates of the 2d. are fully described. The later issues are complete. There are also included pulls from the perforating machines, proofs, reprints, trials, the whole being a most meritorious exhibit, and one that has taken many years to work out thoroughly. This collection will be invaluable when we come to the time in the future to publish a handbook on Queensland for the Philatelic Society."
 In the London Philatelist, June 1910, p. 149, it is mentioned where Mr L. L. R Hausberg (1872 - 1917) showed his Queensland collection, including "Two reconstructed sheets of the 1s, 1879 issue, one being made up of overlapping pairs and blocks and the other almost entirely of unused specimens."

Leslie Hausberg apparently sold his Queensland collection to Stanley Gibbons in 1916, shortly before his death. It is clear that most of the information we have on the various dies and types as recorded in Stanley Gibbons and by other authors came from the pioneering work done by this extraordinary man. More information on him can be found
here and here.

Regarding plating of these issues, it was recorded in the Australian Philatelist 3 May 1913, p. 127 that H. L. White has also reconstructed sheets of the 1d., 2d.,  and 1/- issues. Presumably these are in his collection held at the State Library of NSW in Sydney, Australia.

Friday, May 18, 2012

½d. Queensland overprint forgeries information

This information comes from the publication "Stamp forgeries of Queensland; South Australia; Tasmania" by Mavis Pope, 1992, pp. 36-40. Click on the images to enlarge them. The 6 examples shown here are all forgeries!

Examples of forgeries can be seen here.

Saturday, May 5, 2012

Queensland 1st sideface - Mint or fiscally used?

Most of these stamps were used for stamp duty purposes. In other words they were fiscally, not postally used. Care needs to be taken when looking at an "unused" example as many of these have in fact been fiscally used and then an attempt has been made to remove the fiscal cancellation. Here is an example. The clue is that the Queen's head appears to have been rubbed with an eraser. It does not look right. Closer examination shows a crude attempt to remove the fiscal cancellation! Once you know this has been done, it is then possible to see the faint blue outline of the fiscal cancellation on the enlarged stamp. At actual size it is very difficult to detect with the naked eye unless you are alert and looking for it.

At a size approaching actual size it is much harder to spot. This is still much larger than actual size (depends on the size of your laptop, tablet, smart phone or monitor) but the smallest I can do on this website.